27 March 2015

A set of the Stations of the Cross from Kalaupapa

I do not now remember what exactly I was looking for a few days when I started looking through the many pictures I have taken in Hawai'i over these past several years, but in the process I stumbled on the stations of the cross in St. Francis of Assisi church in Kalaupapa on the island of Moloka'i. Today being a Friday in Lent, I thought it might be a good time to share them with you.















26 March 2015

Of Romans, personal space, and cake

I like personal space. I like my personal space a lot. In fact, it irritates me greatly when my personal space is violated, particularly from those who stand right at nose and keep moving toward you even as you back away from them to establish a sense of personal space.

Naturally, different people and cultures have differing notions of how much personal space to give to other people. This graphic is a bit exaggerated in terms of social space, but - for me, at least - it's fairly close:

 
Italians, though, seem to know nothing of personal space (which seems to be an English/Anglo notion). This causes no small amount of discomfort and frustration while walking through - and sometimes living in - the Eternal City.

I realize each morning that I would much happier in Rome if I knew nothing of personal space, but at the same time my personal space keeps my happy. It's a catch 22, as they say, because continental Europeans (or at least those who are tourists in the Eternal City) and Romans especially seem to respect absolutely no one, whether in the streets or on the sidewalks.

They will rub elbows with you as you pass each other, force you up against the side of a building, hit you with their backpacks as they turn to talk to a friend, and purposely force you into the street with oncoming traffic so they can continue talking with their friend (with whom they have conveniently locked arms and refuse to let go). The notion of a small group forming briefly into something resembling a single file line to allow another group to pass by in the same manner (which is expected and considered decent and respectful in the Midwest) is completely foreign in Rome.

This is why I keep this sign next to my door so that I see it whenever I leave my room:


In reality, it is a card sent last year by a good friend in Hawaii. I knew then that it would be a good reminder to keep before me, though it is sometimes very difficult as you're jostled and pushed all day long.

Although Romans and tourists do not respect other people on the streets and sidewalks - at least not strangers - there is one thing they do respect: food. I discovered this this afternoon as I walked back to the Casa Santa Maria carrying a cake I bought to celebrate my birthday later this evening with the priests who live on my floor:

 
Yes, bakeries here still wrap up your purchases for you like this. It's nice, but not always worth the wait, though today it was.

Imagine my surprise this afternoon as I made my way through the sidewalks of Rome and people walking toward my groups actually parted - just little - allow me - rather, my cake - to pass by. I wish I'd discovered this sooner, though it might get expensive after a few days.

In the end, I may just need to get one of these (though I've no idea where to look):

 

25 March 2015

Tolkien Reading Day: The beauty, majesty, and simplicity of friendship

The Tolkien Society has chosen friendship as the theme for this twelfth annual Tolkien Reading Day. I was unaware of this theme when I offered my suggestions for Tolkien Reading Day last week and so wish to offer a few thoughts on this theme which is so prevalent throughout the Professor's writings.

The friendship of hobbits

The theme of friendship in Tolkien's writings is perhaps best encapsulated in the four companions from the Shire: Frodo Baggins, Samwise Gamgee, Meriadoc Brandybuck, and Peregrin Took.


After the hobbits have finally arrived at Frodo's new home at Crickhollow, we read this in Chapter V - titled "A Conspiracy Unmasked" - of Book I:
'Well!' said Frodo at last, sitting up and straightening his back, as if he had made a decision. 'I can't keep it dark any longer. I have got something to tell you all. But I don't know quite how to being.'

'I think I could help you,' said Merry quietly, by telling you some of it myself.'

'What do you mean?' said, Frodo looking at him anxiously.

'Just this, my dear old Frodo: you are miserable, because you don't know how to say good-bye. You meant to leave the Shire, of course. But danger has come on you sooner than you expected, and now you are making up your mind to go at once. And you don't want to. We are very sorry for you.'
Thinking he kept everything about his departure quiet and the details of his quest hidden, Frodo is a bit taken aback at this and feels betrayed by his friends and says, "But it does not seem I can trust anyone."
Sam looked at him unhappily. 'It all depends on what you want,' put in Merry. 'You can trust us to stick to you through thick and thin - to the bitter end. And you can trust us to keep any secret of yours - closer than you keep it yourself. But you cannot trust us to let you face trouble alone, and go off without a word. We are your friends, Frodo. Anyway: there it is. We know most of what Gandalf has told you. We know a good deal about the Ring. We are horribly afraid - but we are coming with you; or following you like hounds.
'And after all, sir,' added Sam, 'you did ought to take the Elve's advice. Gildor said you should take them as was willing, and you can't deny it.'

'I don't deny it,' said Frodo, looking at Sam, who was now grinning. 'I don't deny it, but I'll never believe you are sleeping again, whether you snore or not. I shall kick you hard to make sure.

'You are a set of scoundrels!' he said, turning to the others. 'But bless you!' he laughed, getting up and waving his arms, 'I give in. I will take Gildor's advice. If the danger were not so dark, I should dance for joy. Even so, I cannot help feeling happy; happier than I have felt for a long time. I had dreaded this evening.'

'Good! That's settled. Three cheers for Captain Frodo and company!' they shouted; and they danced around him. Merry and Pippin began a song, which they had apparently got ready for the occasion.
Within the friendship of these four hobbits, are not reminded of that famous passage in the Book of Sirach regarding friendship? Sacred Tradition has preserved this wisdom for us:
A faithful friend is a sturdy shelter:
he that has found one has found a treasure.
There is nothing so precious as a faithful friend,
and no scales can measure his excellence.
A faithful friend is an elixir of life;
and those who fear the Lord will find him.
Whoever fears the Lord directs his friendship aright,
for as he is, so is his neighbor also (Sirach 6:14-17).
It might be said that Frodo, Sam, Merry, and Pippin took these words to heart: "Forsake not an old friend, for a new one does not compare with him" (Sirach 9:10).

Even at "the end of all things," the four hobbits clung to their friendship and remained steadfastly loyal to each other. In this, they provide a clear example for each of us to keep in our friendships.

The friendship of Jesus

The friendship shared among the four hobbits can be seen as something of a reflection of the friendship God shares with men (the analogy, of course, going so far as it goes). What do I mean?

On the night he gave himself up for us, the Lord Jesus said to those gathered with him in the upper room:
This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. Greater love has no love than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends. You are my friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you servants, for the servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all that I have heard from my Father I have made known to you. You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit and that your fruit should abide; so that whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you. This I command you, to love one another (John 15:12-17).
"I have called you friends," he says and indeed he has.

When he spoke to the "many thousands of the multitude" who had gathered around him to encourage them in the persecutions that would befall him, Jesus addressed them as "my friends" (Luke 12:1, 4).

In calling us his friends, in bestowing upon us his divine friendship, the Lord Jesus shows the greatness of his condescension towards us by using a word of equality.

From what the Lord himself has said, his friendship must be reciprocated by us. It is not enough to simply call him a friend; rather the proof of our friendship is shown in our deeds; it is shown in the manner and depth of our love for the brethren. As Benedict XVI has said:
Not only does God love us with a depth and an intensity that we can scarcely begin to comprehend, but he invites us to respond to that love. You all know what it is like when you meet someone interesting and attractive, and you want to be that person’s friend. You always hope they will find you interesting and attractive, and want to be your friend. God wants your friendship. And once you enter into friendship with God, everything in your life begins to change. As you come to know him better, you find you want to reflect something of his infinite goodness in your own life. You are attracted to the practice of virtue. You begin to see greed and selfishness and all the other sins for what they really are, destructive and dangerous tendencies that cause deep suffering and do great damage, and you want to avoid falling into that trap yourselves. You begin to feel compassion for people in difficulties and you are eager to do something to help them. You want to come to the aid of the poor and the hungry, you want to comfort the sorrowful, you want to be kind and generous. And once these things begin to matter to you, you are well on the way to becoming saints. (Address to Pupils, 17 September 2010).
Jesus - who is our "Teacher and Lord" and, yes, our friend - has not forsaken us; we must not forsake him, either, for what greater friend, what greater treasure, can we have than he?

Within the friendship of the four hobbits we can well learn something of what it means to reciprocate friendship, about sticking close through thick and thin, even to the bitter end. More importantly, though, we can learn something from the saints, and especially from the Blessed Virgin Mary.

 The friendship of Mary

The Book of Sirach, as we saw, speaks of a faithful friend as a treasure. If this is so, then Mary, even before the greeting of the Archangel Gabriel, was a friend of God. Saint Bernard of Clairvaux puts it this way:
Do you wonder why Nazareth, a small town, should be made illustrious by the messenger of such a king, and such a messenger? A great treasure is hidden in this little town - hidden, I say, from humans, not from God. Is Mary not God's treasure? Wherever she is, his heart is there also. His eyes are on her; everywhere he looks upon the lowliness of his handmaiden (Sermon Three on the Annunciation of the Lord, 7).
Mary is the faithful friend of God - his treasure - because she was unwilling to forsake him even at the bitter end. Rather, as Benedict XVI wrote in his The Infancy Narratives, "It is Mary's obedience that opens the door to God;" it is Mary's obedience that makes her the friend of God, according to the words of her Son: "You are my friends if you do what I command you."

We see also in Mary the second reciprocal aspect of friendship with the Lord that must be expressed through the love of the brethren. "From Mary," wrote Benedict XVI, "we can learn what true com-passion is: quite unsentimentally assuming the sufferings of others as one's own."

Perhaps this is why Tolkien wrote that "all my own small perception of beauty both in majesty and simplicity is founded" upon Our Lady (Letter 142, To Robert Murray, S.J.). What is there that is more beautiful, majestic and simple than friendship, both among men and with God? 

Friendship is beautiful in that it is a treasure. Friendship is majestic in that God names us his equals. And friendship is simple in its unwavering loyalty.

The Great Ice Storm of central Illinois remembered - 37 years later

I was born on the 26th of March in the midst of the Great Ice Storm that all but shut down central Illinois for several days around Easter in 1978.

To mark the twentieth anniversary of that winter catastrophe, the State Journal-Register published the memories of several people who remember those days in and around Springfield well, memories that the newspaper republished a few days ago.

From the stories I've heard about the Great Ice Storm over the years and from the memories included in this article - and the accompanying pictures - I hope I never experience anything like it again and I'm very glad to remember anything of it.

I hope the Quincy Herald-Whig  will publish a similar story about those days in Quincy.

Why Nazareth?


The Church of the Annunciation, Nazareth
The angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town of Galilee called Nazareth. Do you wonder why Nazareth, a small town, should be made illustrious by the messenger of such a king, and such a messenger? A great treasure is hidden in this little town - hidden, I say, from humans, not from God. Is Mary not God's treasure? Wherever she is, his heart is there also. His eyes are on her; everywhere he looks upon the lowliness of his handmaiden.

Is the Only-Begotten of God the Father familiar with heaven? If he is familiar with heaven he is familiar with Nazareth too. How should he not be familiar with his homeland? How should he not know his heritage? He claims heaven from his father, Nazareth from his mother, as he testifies that he is both son and Lord of David. The heaven of heavens belongs to the Lord, but the earth he has given to the children of men.

Let us allow him, then, the necessary possession of both, since he is not only Lord but also Son of Man. Hear then how as Son of Man he claims the earth but also is related to it as a bridegroom. The flowers have appeared on our earth. No one disputes that Nazareth means flower. The flower from the root of Jesse loves his flowery homeland, and the flower of the field and the lily of the valleys feed gladly among the lilies.

Beauty, sweetness, and the hope of fruit, a threefold gift, commend the flowers. God regards you, too, as a flower, and he is well pleased with you if you do not lack the beauty of an honorable way of life, the fragrance of a good reputation, and the intention of gaining a future reward. The fruit of the Spirit is eternal life.

- Saint Bernard of Clairvaux

The Annunciation in Stained Glass

Church of St. Francis of Assisi
Kalaupapa, Moloka'i, Hawai'i
Church of St. Augustine by the Sea
Waikiki, Oahu, Hawai'i


Church of St. Rose of Lima
Quincy, Illinois
Former Church of St. John the Baptist
Quincy, Illinois

24 March 2015

The Holy Face of Jesus and the New Evangelization

Over at The Way of Beauty, David Clayton has written about the connection between the New Evangelization and the domestic Church. Within this post, he notes that
Iconographic images of the face of Christ are always painted with an expression of compassion tinged with a slight sternness. This enigmatic combination tells us that Christ is a judge (hence the sternness), but that he is a good and merciful judge.
As an example of this expression of stern compassion, Clayton provides a lovely image of the face of Christ he painted:

Face of the Glorified Christ, by David Clayton
When I saw this icon, I said to myself, "I know that face!" Indeed, I visited it again this past Saturday with two other priests living at the Casa Santa Maria.

This image, he says, "is in a traditional iconographic style." He is correct about this and the basis for this traditional iconographic style comes from the Veil of Manoppello:


In fact, after my first visit to Il Volto Santo (The Holy Face), I described the inexplicable image on the veil of byssus in much the same way Clayton describes the face he painted:
In the image visible from the pews, the eyes and mouth of Jesus seem almost stern, as if to call to mind the words of the prophet, "But who will endure the day of his coming?  And who can stand when he appears" (Malachi 3:2)?

Yet in the image on the opposite side of the cloth, which is visible by climbing a set of stairs at the back of the sanctuary, the mouth seems to conceal a gentle smile and the eyes look with a calm serenity. 
The sacred veil housed now at the Shrine of the Holy Manoppello is the very veil that covered the face of Jesus in the tomb:
Then Simon Peter came, following him [John], and went into the tomb; he saw the linen cloths lying, and the napkin, which had been on his head, not lying with the linen cloths but rolled up in a place by itself (John 20:6-7).
Whether Clayton is aware of the existence of this great treasure of Christianity and of its connection to the representation of the face of Christ (I've already mentioned the connection between the Volto Santo and the face of Christ on the San Damiano crucifix), I do not know.

I've mentioned in the past that Father Eric Sternberg and I - among a few others, notable among whom is Paul Badde - consider the Veil of Manoppello and the icon of Our Lady known as The Advocate (which is housed in Rome) will both be at the heart of the New Evangelization. So it is that I am particularly intrigued - and pleased - by Clayton's association of the Holy Face of Jesus with the New Evangelization.

In an age when - as Benedict XVI never tired of warning us - too many people have forgotten about God, Jesus is slowing but surely placing his Face before us once again even as he did with Peter and John:
Then the other disciple [John], who reached the tomb first, also went in, and he saw and believed; for as yet they did not know the Scripture, that he must rise from the dead (John 20:8-9).
John saw the cloth that had covered the face of Jesus - the very cloth now housed at Manoppello - and believed in the Lord's Resurrection. By looking upon the Volto Santo, men and women of our own day will also come to believe in the Resurrection and to know Jesus to be the Lord.

If you have not yet read Paul Badde's two books tracing the history and importance of the Volto Santo, I wholeheartedly encourage you to do so. The titles are easy enough to remember:
  1. The Face of God: The Rediscovery of the True Face of Jesus (available in hard cover, electronic book download, and downloadable audio file); and,
  2. The True Icon: From the Shroud of Turin to the Veil of Manoppello (available in hard cover and electronic book download).

The Annunciation and Tolkien Reading Day combined


23 March 2015

Does the Blessed Virgin Mary send text messages?

The task of a headline writer is to craft a partial sentence to grab the attention of a potential reader scanning through the various headlines scattered across the page, whether virtual or actual. These days headlines try too hard (particularly with headlines such as "...you won't believe what happened next") and often convince me to simply keep scanning.

Every now and again, though, a headline or two does capture my attention, like this one: Bishops say Marian emails and texts circulated in Ivory Coast may disturb public order. Alright, when did the Blessed Virgin Mary start sending text messages? That's a headline that leads to a story I'll read.

As should probably be expected, the Bishops of the Ivory Coast are cautioning the faithful about the claims of some who say the Mother of God is sending them messages through the new media:
In a letter sent earlier this month, the bishops said the authenticity of the messages “has neither been proven nor approved by the Church.” In fact, they said, most of the messages are “contrary to the teachings of the Church.”

“People, claiming to be from the Catholic Church, have given themselves the mission to disseminate messages that, according to their authors, are from the Virgin Mary,” said the bishops.

After reviewing their content, the letter said, “the conclusion is that the content of most of these messages is contrary to the spirit of the Gospel of Jesus Christ … for some messages may even disturb public order and create psychosis and fear among the people.”
It might be said that the Blessed Virgin prefers to give her messages in person, which is why she makes use of apparitions.

22 March 2015

A risk of keeping the ashes of loved ones at home

Unless one seeks to do so as a means of denying the resurrection of the dead, the Church tolerates the cremation of the dead, but insists that their ashes be buried or entombed in a mausoleum out of respect for the dead and the body that was the temple of the Holy Spirit (cf. the Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2301 and the Code of Canon Law, c. 1176 § 3).

Despite this insistence, many Catholic families choose to keep their loved one's ashes in an urn on the mantlepiece on in some other place in the home. Unfortunately, Catholics are not alone in this rather recent practice.

Tragic news comes out of Franklin, Tennessee that demonstrates another good reason why the ashes of the dead should be buried or entombed:
Joel Tuck arrived at his Franklin, Tennessee home on Monday to find that his back door was wide open and it's glass window had been broken. 

Two flat-screen TVs, several checkbooks and a bottle of liquor were stolen. But it was when Tuck realized a pink purse was missing that his heart dropped. 

The pink purse belonged to his daughter Whitney, who died in 2005 at the age of 19 after losing her battle with leukemia. Her ashes were kept in a box inside the purse, which had been her favorite. 

Franklin police arrested Jwyanza Weaver and Christopher Gengler in connection to the burglary. They are currently in custody.

Both men are convicted felons and Weaver was on probation at the time of his arrest, according to the Tennessean.
According to police, the two men drove to a gas station after burglarizing the home. It was there that Gengler threw away the pink purse into a trash can [more].
As of last evening, Miss Tuck's ashes have not been recovered. Please pray for the Tuck family and for all those who grieve the loss their loved ones. Pray, also, for the souls of the dead.

Boko Haram Daily News Updates - March 2015

Previous Updates: February 2014

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Islamic State Ongoing Updates - March 2015

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